This is a rough outline of what you should have in your notes from class:
Aural Prof Assignment Procedures for Harmonic Dictation
- As the piano establishes the key by playing “Do-Mi-So-Do” followed by the tonic triad, sing Do-Mi-So-Mi-Do and sustain the final Do. Sing Do while the exercise is played. On the solfege line between the treble and bass clef of the Grand Staff, write Do for each chord containing the tonic of the key, Do. If Do does not fit, sing ti, the Leading Tone. Write ti in the blanks where the Leading Tone fits the chord.
- For all chords with Do in the line, sing Do-Mi-So-Mi-Do. If this solfege pattern fits, you have found the Tonic triad for the key you are in. Write an upper case Roman Numeral I in the blank under the chord. The Tonic Triad is built on the FIRST SCALE DEGREE of the key you are in and contains the solfege syllables Do-Mi-So.
- For all the chords labeled ti (Leading Tone), sing Ti-Re-So-Re-Ti. These are the solfege syllables contained in the Dominant triad for any key. The Dominant triad is built on the FIFTH SCALE DEGREE. Underneath these chords write an upper case Roman Numeral V to indicate this is the Dominant triad.
- For all chords labeled Do that do NOT fit the Do-Mi-So pattern, sing Do-Fa-La-Fa-Do. The Subdominant Triad is built on the FOURTH SCALE DEGREE of the key you are in and contains the solfege syllables Do-Fa-La. Underneath these chords write an upper case Roman Numeral IV to indicate this is the Subdominant triad.
- Listen to the bass notes, then sing the bass notes and then write the solfege syllable for these notes. HINT: the only possibilities are Do, Fa and So, the tonic, subdominant and dominant. All triads are in ROOT position at this point in our study, so these are the ONLY notes available for the bass line. EXTRA HINT: Since the Roman Numerals indicate scale degrees and these are ROOT POSITION triads. The ROMAN Numerals will tell you which scale degree should be in the bass part.
- Listen to the soprano notes, then sing the soprano notes and then write the solfege syllable for these notes above the staff. HINT: the ONLY notes available are the notes in the chord indicated by the ROMAN NUMERAL:
- I chords contain Do-Mi-So
- i chords contain Do-Me-So
- ii chords contain Re-Fa-La
- ii dim 6 chords contain Re-Fa-Le (minor keys)
- iii chords contain Me-So-Ti
- IV chords contain Fa-La-Do
- iv chords contain Fa-Le-Do
- V chords contain So-Ti-Re
- VI chords contain Le-Do-Me (minor keys)
- vi chords contain La-Do-Mi (Major keys)
- vii dim 6 chords contain Ti-Re-Fa
HINT: You can check notes by solfege and by INTERVAL.
CHORD PROGRESSION EXPECTATIONS or “Predictions:”
Chord progressions are not random. They are designed to “progress.” As such there are certain things you can expect to happen and things you can expect to not happen on the AP exam.
On a sheet of paper, start listing progressions in 2 or 3 chord groups that we hear repeatedly. For example, we’ve heard I-IV happen //// (four times).